Agenda of Border Affairs
Question: Does a child /citizen of the Slovak Republic/ need to have its own passport when traveling abroad?
Answer: The European Regulation of 26 June 2012 makes the principle of one person per passport mandatory which means that
a travel document of each Member State must be issued in the name of only one person regardless of age and therefore
every child must be holder of its own passport when traveling abroad
Question: What is the procedure when a child /citizen of the Slovak Republic/ travels abroad accompanied by a person other than
Answer: If a child travels accompanied by a person other than its parent it must prove identity by presenting its own passport.
Other formalities are not required.
Question: What is considered a valid travel document?
Answer: Passport or other certified document recognized by the Slovak Republic as a travel document with defined period of validity
which allows explicit identification of the holder, it must maintain its integrity with no damages which could cause that the
records contained therein become illegible.
Question: Who is a third country national?
Answer: A third-country national is anyone who is neither a citizen of the Slovak Republic nor of the Union, as well as a person without
Question: Which documents must be presented by a third country national during the border check before entering the territory of
the Slovak Republic?
Answer: Conditions of entry for third-country nationals are stipulated by the Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 establishing a Community Code
on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code). For intended stays on the territory
of the Member States of a duration of no more than 90 days in any 180-day period, which entails considering the 180-day
period preceding each day of stay, the entry conditions for third-country nationals shall be the following:
1. they are in possession of a valid travel document entitling the holder to cross the border satisfying the following criteria:
a) its validity shall extend at least three months after the intended date of departure from the territory of the Member States.
In a justified case of emergency, this obligation may be waived;
b) it shall have been issued within the previous 10 years;
2. they are in possession of a valid visa, if required pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 of 15 March 2001 listing the third
countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt
from that requirement , except where they hold a valid residence permit or a valid long-stay visa;
3. they justify the purpose and conditions of the intended stay, and they have sufficient means of subsistence, both for the duration of
the intended stay and for the return to their country of origin or transit to a third country into which they are certain to be admitted,
or are in a position to acquire such means lawfully;
4. they are not persons for whom an alert has been issued in the SIS for the purposes of refusing entry;
5. they are not considered to be a threat to public policy, internal security, public health or the international relations of any of
the Member States, in particular where no alert has been issued in Member States' national data bases for the purposes of refusing
entry on the same grounds.
Question: What are the conditions for crossing external borders of third country nationals under the age of 16 years?
Answer: A third country national under 16 years who does not hold a travel document may cross the external borders only
when accompanied by a person in whose travel document he/she is registered. If this person is obliged to fulfil visa
requirement the third country national under age of 16 years must be granted a separate visa in the travel document.